This paper examines first the scholarly debates surrounding the placement of Livy’s digression in his larger narrative, the objectives of Livy’s digression, and the reasons for its existence.
Students of Greek military history tend to assume that cavalry played a marginal role on the battlefields of ancient Greece until the era of Philip and Alexander. Until recently historians have also assumed that the hoplite phalanx rendered cavalry obsolete on the Greek battlefield.
My argument is that it was the political organisation of the Macedonian military, developed by Philip of Macedon, that formed the basis of Alexander the Great’s notion of empire.
‘ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World’ simulates the time and price costs of travel by land, river and sea across the mature imperial transportation network, notionally approximating conditions around 200 CE. In the version used for this paper, the model links some 750 sites (mostly cities but also some landmarks such as passes and promontories) by means of c.85,000 kilometers of Roman roads selected to represent the principal arterial connections throughout the empire.
A fresh look at the Peloponnese in the early hellenistic period is particularly worthwhile. Though it was now only a small corner of a Greek world that stretched as far as the Punjab, many of its cities enjoyed international prestige because of their distinguished past.
Why did Thessalian cavalry play such a distinguished and crucial role during Alexander
First, Alexander envisioned a fusion of races, more specifically of Greek-Macedonians and Persians…Second, the concept of the unity of mankind becomes a commonplace in Greek thought after the death of Alexander and, quite particularly, in the circle of Cassander.
This article seeks to analyze not only the numbers but also the place accorded to Iranian troops in Alexander
Alexander, suffering for several days before his death, knew his end was imminent. This knowledge did not urge him to name an official successor, but he did request a burial site: the temple of Zeus-Ammon in the Siwah oasis in northern Africa, where he was addressed as the son of Ammon.