This essay argues that the treatment of captives constituted a vicious cycle in which the defenders of city would resolutely resist the siege for fear of massacre, mass rape, and enslavement; this stalwart defense, in turn, would contribute to cruel treatment of captives when and if the city fell.
Before i begin my consideration of the oath, it must be noted that the exact nature of the Peloponnesian league, especially its constitution and the nature of the obligations its allies had towards one another, is unclear and much debated in the scholarship.
The major divide between the advocates and opponents of the war can be drawn along the line of class and religious belief. In general, it was the lower-class, faced with severe economic and religious oppression by
Through Alaric we can understand the vulnerable state of the Roman Empire and the disassociation of its separated halves. Alaric exposes the weak structure of the Empire through the years 395 to 410 by his lootings, foedus with Stilicho, and his campaign to invade Italy, the heart of the Western Empire.
Modern scholars have debated the exact nature of the Spartan krypteia (????????), a group of young men who roamed the countryside killing helots. Some have seen it as a form of education, others as a form of suppression. However, not many scholars have pointed out that the krypteia was a form of guerrilla warfare against the helot population.
The Greeks talked about war and they talked about it in terms of right and wrong. But given the intensely military nature of Ancient Greek society and the fierce concern with justice in Greek philosophy, it is surprising that no Greek thinker fully articulated the idea of Just War.
The ancient Greeks offer an example of how changes to organization, and novel use of resources can lead to victory without advanced weapons and technology.
The other conflict that exhausted the Jewish ability to wage a successful revolution against the Romans was their internal conflicts. Much of the resentment that flourished in this period of violence had its origin in the Greek rule of the Jews under the Greco- Macedonian dynasty of Antiochus of Syria.
Among the causes of corruption in the English body politic enumerated by Thomas Hobbes in his book Behemoth was the attitude toward democracy engendered by learning about the ancient Greek and Roman republics.
Has 300 so successfully appealed to audiences globally because of, or despite, its extremely violent, racist, homophobic, and sexist subtext?…This paper approaches 300 as a media product produced and consumed in spatially specific ways. I present a geographical reading of 300