In the present era, scientists and researchers have gathered together a considerable amount of evidence which putatively demonstrates that contact occurred between the Old and New Worlds far in advance of either Columbus or the Vikings.
These similarities may have arisen in either of two ways: either through analogy (independent development) or through homology (transoceanic contact, or diffusion).
The focus of this paper is to evaluate the Capacocha (also referred to as capac hucha) or child sacrifices in Inca society.
I will explore the role of children in the spiritual life of the ancient cultures of Mesoamerica, first briefly summarizing what is currently known about the experience of childhood in these cultures, and then exploring the spiritual authority of childhood as a privileged stage of life.
Machu Picchu, the royal estate of the Inca ruler Pachacuti is the most well-known of all Inca archaeological sites.
These results not only provide firm evidence for the pre-Columbian introduction of chickens to the Americas, but strongly suggest that it was a Polynesian introduction.
Archaeological and theoretical evidence reviewed here indicates that Clovis-era foragers exterminated mammoths and mastodonts in North America around 11,000 radiocarbon years ago.
The recent findings of cocaine, nicotine, and hashish in Egyptian mummies by Balabanova et. al. have been criticized on grounds that: contamination of the mummies may have occurred, improper techniques may have been used, chemical decomposition may have produced the compounds in question…