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The following is a unique interpretation of the development of Christian Just War theory, and other Christian attitudes towards war and killing
This essay attempts to provide more evidence for the notions that there actually is a Latin (as opposed to a Greek) Neoplatonic tradition in late antiquity, that this tradition includes a systematic theory of first principles, and that this tradition and theory are influential in Western Europe during the Middle Ages
Through Alaric we can understand the vulnerable state of the Roman Empire and the disassociation of its separated halves. Alaric exposes the weak structure of the Empire through the years 395 to 410 by his lootings, foedus with Stilicho, and his campaign to invade Italy, the heart of the Western Empire.
The Greeks talked about war and they talked about it in terms of right and wrong. But given the intensely military nature of Ancient Greek society and the fierce concern with justice in Greek philosophy, it is surprising that no Greek thinker fully articulated the idea of Just War.
Diocletian’s persecutions sparked many schismatic movements throughout the empire. One took the form of Donatism, which was particularly remarkable for its strength and perseverance.
When I set out to examine the relationship of Augustine and Cicero, I could not even
imagine the magnitude of such an undertaking. The connexion between these two authors and authorities of antiquity is not easy to gauge, possibly two of the greatest authors and authorities of Latin antiquity (they certainly count among the most prolific, with the majority works presreved).