The extraordinary reign of Augustus left the Roman world with a changed order
When Emperor Marcus Aurelius died on the banks of the Danube in 180 CE at Vindobona, or Vienna, the Roman Empire he left behind was the largest transcontinental, transcultural, singular political entity in history before the rise of the European nation state some fifteen centuries later.
Most will agree with the observation that Augustus was a master of what shall we call it? Spin? There will be disagreement as to the integrity of his claims. I prefer to follow the teachings of Edwin Judge that Augustus was so much in control of language that he could bend its specificity to say precisely what he wanted to say and to say what could not be gainsaid.
Historical evidence suggests that Augustus Caesar, first Emperor of Rome, was a person who liked to plan ahead. His predilection for preparedness is perhaps most apparent when we consider the details pertaining to the end of his life.
The first Emperor of Rome wrought profound changes in the world and hence his name resounds throughout millennia; however, the individual who bore that heavy honour has always been remembered as something of an enigma. Can we, on the basis of ruins and statues and written acclaim, really infer the character of an empire-building autocrat?
Many previous studies have been completed on ancient Rome, including studies on Augustus, gender issues, and the Roman games, which have helped create a timeline of Augustus?s rise to power, an architectural layout of the Circus Maximus and a social hierarchy based on gender.
The reign of Augustus represents the most pivotal period of all Roman history.
Studies of collective identity have grown rapidly among ancient historians in recent decades, particularly among scholars of the Greek world. Scholars have been fascinated by the development of Greek identity, from the dark ages of Greece through the classical period, from the Hellenistic Age through to its period of political dormancy under Roman rule. Despite this plethora of work being done on Greek identity, there is not a comparable genre of works on Roman identity.