The aim of this chapter is to explain, necessarily in synthetic form, how Ancient History has been treated and what rele- vance it has had in Spanish historiography.
Thus the four natural rights, liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression, concerned the individual and not the State, which was only their guarantor. For the revolu- tionaries, it is not hence so much a question of reproducing a Greek model, as to break with the monarchical State in a definitive way.
The problem is that there had already been a certain continuity of knowledge, in part of the Greek language but mostly of Greek history, thanks to historical works of Latin literature in general and along the lines of universal history. These had become the accepted version of history and of the Christian conception of human events; universal history is a model that lends itself perfectly to Christianity and was by then “exemplary”.