This journal article considers ways in which the Garden of Eden functioned as a primordial temple for humankind.
Because no single discipline or explanation seems adequate to understandthis practice, the search draws data from biology, anthropology, ancient history, mythology, religion, and ecology. Some have dismissed religious explanations as ar- bitrary and tautological, but the information provided in this article shows that religious beliefs are important.
Generally, the eye in the ancient Near Eastern world represented an all-seeing and omnipresent divinity. The eye served as the focus of all types of myths relating to the visually perceivable. In other words, a deity was reduced to an eye, and the form of the symbol suggested a meaning to the viewer or religious practitioner. When the eye is transformed into language, an ocular icon becomes a verbal icon.
Amid the quest for knowledge and philosophical excellence found in Alexandria, Philo wrote his treatises, determined to show how Judaism excelled all in its piety, righteousness and philosophical brilliance.
Josephus clearly identifies the queen who visited Solomon as ‘the woman who ruled Egypt and Ethiopia,’ and tells us that her name was Nikaulis.
For the past 200 years, scholars of Scripture have recognized the literary relationships between biblical narratives and various extra-biblical sources.
In addition to demonstrating the application of the three themes in these instances, I would like to draw particular attention to the interrelation of the following: the misunderstood significance of the Temple of Isis in the Flavian triumph; the refiguring of Nero
Despite this relative wealth of sources, their combined evidence does not allow of a clear explanation as to why exactly Tiberius expelled the Jews from Rome in AD 19. Although they preserve broadly similar accounts of the circumstances surrounding this expulsion, they differ among themselves in several points of detail and interpretation.
In 38 CE an incident occurred that would ignite the tensions of the city.
This essay will attempt to map part of this terrain and to chart directions for further study. It will begin by considering some of the methodological challenges involved in seeking evidence for scientific interests and inquiries in our ancient Jewish sources. It will then survey material related to astronomy and cosmology in Second Temple and Rabbinic Jewish sources.