A major role in emperor worship was played by Dea Roma, a Greek goddess who was unknown in Roman religion until the second century BC. During the Republican era, this deity only had the narrower geographic significance of the city of Rome, while the Greeks of the Hellenistic era elevated her into a divine personification of the Roman Republic and the entire Roman populace (Populus Romanus).
The province of Dalmatia was divided into three juridical districts (conventi iuridici): Scardona, Salona and Narona, of which the first was organized on the basis of the territorial principle and encompassed a higher number of municipalities (civitates) at once, while the Salona and Narona conventus communities were registered in accordance with narrower kinship communities, i.e. decuria.
The social framework in which Romans lived has been reexamined in recent years. One important focus, the study of Roman women and family, has emerged.1 Indeed, social historians argue that the roles generally played by wives and mothers are crucial keys to our understanding their value in Roman society.
Beginning with the third century B.C. Roman economic policy started to contrast more and more sharply with that in the Hellenistic world, especially Egypt.
This inter-disciplinary thesis traces the influence of Greek images of monarchy on Rome, between 323 B.C. and A.D. 14.
This thesis will focus on the battle of Actium and the ways in which the Caesarian regime represented and commemorated this conflict and turned it to Octavian/Augustus’s purpose.