In the Republic, Plato voices his ambivalence toward poetry and poesis in general. Plato admires art for its great inspirational power, but at the same time detests it because its creator has ‘no grasp of the truth’.
Thus, answering the question,
Heraclitus is universally regarded as one of the fathers of western philosophy. However, the characterization of the nature of his contribution varies widely. To some he is an early example of rational, empirical, scientific inquiry into the physical world. To others he was primarily a brilliantly innovative metaphysician.
This essay attempts to provide more evidence for the notions that there actually is a Latin (as opposed to a Greek) Neoplatonic tradition in late antiquity, that this tradition includes a systematic theory of first principles, and that this tradition and theory are influential in Western Europe during the Middle Ages
In order to understand how the conceptual perception of prisons changed with different social groups, one must first understand what prisons were meant to be and what they actually were. Prison structure was governed on logic, with different types of prisons to separate the accused from the condemned. From the structure, scholars can understand the purpose of the prison, and current scholarly debate revolves around the intention of the law-makers.
Intellectual and spiritual treason represent the final depths of public crime in which the individual sets his personal will against the established legal order, representing the collec- tive wisdom of the race. Indeed, in a large philosophic sense treason underlies all crime, for the ultimate effect of crime is the subversion of society and the death of the state.
In this paper, I will show how the ancient myths of Pan, Perseus, Dionysius, and Prometheus have an impact on Book I of Francis Bacon’s Novum Organum.
This dissertation is concerned with the responses of Thucydides and Plato to the phenomenon of motion in the political world which, for both, is understood to be more or less problematic.
The Greeks talked about war and they talked about it in terms of right and wrong. But given the intensely military nature of Ancient Greek society and the fierce concern with justice in Greek philosophy, it is surprising that no Greek thinker fully articulated the idea of Just War.
While the role of Byzantine Hellenism on the art, literature, and society of the Empire has been the subject of tremendous study, the question of its origins has, nonetheless, rarely been raised, and the strongly Hellenic Byzantine identity seems, to a large extent, to have been taken for granted historiographically.