Edited by Vivienne J. Gray
Oxford University Press, 2009
ISBN: 978-0-19-921617-8

Xenophon’s many and varied works represent a major source of information about the ancient Greek world: for example, about culture, politics, social life and history in the fourth century BC, Socrates, horses and hunting with dogs, the Athenian economy, and Sparta. However, there has been controversy about how his works should be read. This selection of significant modern critical essays will introduce readers to the wide range of his writing, the debates it has inspired, and the interpretative methodologies that have been used. A specially written Introduction by Vivienne J. Gray offers a survey of Xenophon’s works, an account of his life with respect to them, a brief discussion of modern readings, reference to modern scholarship since the original publication of the articles, and a critical summary of their content. Several articles have been translated for the first time from French and German, and all quotations have been translated into English.


Sarah B. Pomeroy: Slavery in the Greek Domestic Economy in the Light of Xenophon’s Oeconomicus

Emily Baragwanath: Xenophon’s Foreign Wives

Clifford Hindley: Xenophon on Male Love

Philippe Gauthier: Xenophon’s Programme in the Poroi

Steven Johnstone: Virtuous Toil, Vicious Work: Xenophon on Aristocratic Style

Simon Goldhill: The Seductions of the Gaze: Socrates and his Girlfriends

Donald R. Morrison: Xenophon’s Socrates as Teacher

Andreas Patzer: Xenophon’s Socrates as Dialectician

Bernhard Huss: The Dancing Socrates and the Laughing Xenophon, or The Other Symposium

Louis-Andre Dorion: The Straussian Interpretation of Xenophon: The Paradigmatic Case of Memorabilia IV.4

Pierre Carlier: The Idea of Imperial Monarchy in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia

Philip Stadter: Fictional Narrative in the Cyropaideia

E. Lefevre: The Question of the Good Life. The Meeting of Cyrus and Croesus in Xenophon

Michael Reichel: Xenophon’s Cyropaedia and the Hellenistic Novel

H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg: The death of Cyrus. Xenophon’s Cyropaedia as a Source for Iranian History

H. D. Westlake: The Sources for the Spartan Debacle at Haliartus

Hartmut Erbse: Xenophon’s Anabasis

John Ma: You can’t go home again: Displacement and Identity in Xenophon’s Anabasis

Patrick J. Bradley: Irony and the Narrator in Xenophon’s Anabasis

Vivienne J. Gray: Interventions and Citations in Xenophon’s Hellenica and Anabasis

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