As individuals who fell outside the prevailing norms of society, dwarfs were often regarded as prodigies in antiquity: living amulets as well as instruments of private and public entertainment.
While the role of Byzantine Hellenism on the art, literature, and society of the Empire has been the subject of tremendous study, the question of its origins has, nonetheless, rarely been raised, and the strongly Hellenic Byzantine identity seems, to a large extent, to have been taken for granted historiographically.
The Hellenistic society seems to have given less emphasis to glass than metal ware and pottery, but it still provided enough support to allow continuation of the trade on a smaller scale.
This article is based on a lecture delivered at the The Greeks Institute, a series of lectures presented to secondary school teachers in the Bridgeport Public Schools during the spring of 1989. Co-sponsored by the Connecticut Humanities Council, Sacred Heart University, and the Bridgeport Public Schools, the purpose of the institute has been to provide teachers with an interdisciplinary exploration of classical Greece for the purposes of professional enrichment and curriculum development.
Alexander, King of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian empire, died in Babylon at sunset on the 10th of June, 323 BC. He was not yet 33 years old, had been king for 12 years and 8 months and had shown himself to be fully deserving of the title.
However, before the cult of Isis spread to the Roman world, the goddess was first worshiped in Egypt. Although the myth of Isis and Osiris is never completely narrated in any one Egyptian document, many different texts include short extracts from it, so that modern scholars can reconstruct it.
Most everyone here knows that the Battle of Actium was the last great sea battle of antiquity. It was fought on September 2nd in 31 BC, off Cape Aktion at the entrance to the Ambracian Gulf. Octavian, at the head of a Western fleet, decisively turned back an attempt by his rival Mark Antony to lead an Eastern fleet toward Italy.
The votes of citizens of all classes were worth courting despite biased voting systems that gave greater weight to the votes of rural property owners or those whose wealth put them in the middle or upper ranks of the census classes.
Beginning with the third century B.C. Roman economic policy started to contrast more and more sharply with that in the Hellenistic world, especially Egypt.